Government of Canada navigation bar

Symbol of the Government of Canada

Primary site navigation bar

Guide 160

 

Name of Material
 
 
Trichloroethylene
 
 
GUIDE
160
HALOGENATED SOLVENTS
 
POTENTIAL HAZARDS

HEALTH

  • Toxic by ingestion.
  • Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation.
  • Exposure in an enclosed area may be very harmful.
  • Contact may irritate or burn skin and eyes.
  • Fire may produce irritating and/or toxic gases.
  • Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause pollution.

FIRE OR EXPLOSION

  • Some of these materials may burn, but none ignite readily.
  • Most vapors are heavier than air.
  • Air/vapor mixtures may explode when ignited.
  • Container may explode in heat of fire.
PUBLIC SAFETY
  • CALL Emergency Response Telephone Number on Shipping Paper first. If Shipping Paper not available or no answer, refer to appropriate telephone number listed on the inside back cover.
  • As an immediate precautionary measure, isolate spill or leak area for at least 50 meters (150 feet) in all directions.
  • Keep unauthorized personnel away.
  • Stay upwind.
  • Many gases are heavier than air and will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks).
  • Keep out of low areas.
  • Ventilate closed spaces before entering.

PROTECTIVE CLOTHING

  • Wear positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).
  • Wear chemical protective clothing that is specifically recommended by the manufacturer.
  • Structural firefighters' protective clothing will only provide limited protection.

EVACUATION

Large Spill

  • Consider initial downwind evacuation for at least 100 meters (330 feet).

Fire

  • If tank, rail car or tank truck is involved in a fire, ISOLATE for 800 meters (1/2 mile) in all directions; also, consider initial evacuation for 800 meters (1/2 mile) in all directions.
EMERGENCY RESPONSE

FIRE

Small Fire

  • Dry chemical, CO2 or water spray.

Large Fire

  • Dry chemical, CO2, alcohol-resistant foam or water spray.
  • Move containers from fire area if you can do it without risk.
  • Dike fire-control water for later disposal; do not scatter the material.

Fire involving Tanks or Car/Trailer Loads

  • Fight fire from maximum distance or use unmanned hose holders or monitor nozzles.
  • Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out.
  • Withdraw immediately in case of rising sound from venting safety devices or discoloration of tank.
  • ALWAYS stay away from tanks engulfed in fire.

SPILL OR LEAK

  • ELIMINATE all ignition sources (no smoking, flares, sparks or flames in immediate area).
  • Stop leak if you can do it without risk.

Small Liquid Spill

  • Take up with sand, earth or other non-combustible absorbent material.

Large Spill

  • Dike far ahead of liquid spill for later disposal.
  • Prevent entry into waterways, sewers, basements or confined areas.

FIRST AID

  • Move victim to fresh air.
  • Call 911 or emergency medical service.
  • Give artificial respiration if victim is not breathing.
  • Administer oxygen if breathing is difficult.
  • Remove and isolate contaminated clothing and shoes.
  • In case of contact with substance, immediately flush skin or eyes with running water for at least 20 minutes.
  • For minor skin contact, avoid spreading material on unaffected skin.
  • Wash skin with soap and water.
  • Keep victim warm and quiet.
  • Ensure that medical personnel are aware of the material(s) involved and take precautions to protect themselves.
 
 
 
 
Date Modified:
2012-08-08