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Guide 159

Initial Isolation and Protective Action Distances (Metric)

Change to Imperial Units

Small Spills
(From a small package or small leak from a large package)
Large Spills
(From a large package or from many small packages)
First Isolate in all directionsThen Protect persons Downwind duringFirst Isolate in all directionsThen Protect persons Downwind during
DayNightDayNight
IDName of Materialmkmkmmkmkm
1694CA (when used as a weapon)300.10.41000.52.6
 

Name of Material
 
 
CA
 
 
GUIDE
159
SUBSTANCES (Irritating)
 
POTENTIAL HAZARDS

HEALTH

  • Inhalation of vapors or dust is extremely irritating.
  • May cause burning of eyes and flow of tears.
  • May cause coughing, difficult breathing and nausea.
  • Brief exposure effects last only a few minutes.
  • Exposure in an enclosed area may be very harmful.
  • Fire will produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
  • Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause pollution.

FIRE OR EXPLOSION

  • Some of these materials may burn, but none ignite readily.
  • Containers may explode when heated.
PUBLIC SAFETY
  • CALL Emergency Response Telephone Number on Shipping Paper first. If Shipping Paper not available or no answer, refer to appropriate telephone number listed on the inside back cover.
  • As an immediate precautionary measure, isolate spill or leak area in all directions for at least 50 meters (150 feet) for liquids and at least 25 meters (75 feet) for solids.
  • Keep unauthorized personnel away.
  • Stay upwind, uphill and/or upstream.
  • Ventilate closed spaces before entering.

PROTECTIVE CLOTHING

  • Wear positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).
  • Wear chemical protective clothing that is specifically recommended by the manufacturer. It may provide little or no thermal protection.
  • Structural firefighters' protective clothing provides limited protection in fire situations ONLY; it is not effective in spill situations where direct contact with the substance is possible.

EVACUATION

Spill

  • See Table 1 - Initial Isolation and Protective Action Distances for highlighted materials. For non-highlighted materials, increase, in the downwind direction, as necessary, the isolation distance shown under "PUBLIC SAFETY".

Fire

  • If tank, rail car or tank truck is involved in a fire, ISOLATE for 800 meters (1/2 mile) in all directions; also, consider initial evacuation for 800 meters (1/2 mile) in all directions.

In Canada, an Emergency Response Assistance Plan (ERAP) may be required for this product. Please consult the shipping document and/or the ERAP Program Section.
EMERGENCY RESPONSE

FIRE

Small Fire

  • Dry chemical, CO2, water spray or regular foam.

Large Fire

  • Water spray, fog or regular foam.
  • Move containers from fire area if you can do it without risk.
  • Dike fire-control water for later disposal; do not scatter the material.

Fire involving Tanks or Car/Trailer Loads

  • Fight fire from maximum distance or use unmanned hose holders or monitor nozzles.
  • Do not get water inside containers.
  • Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out.
  • Withdraw immediately in case of rising sound from venting safety devices or discoloration of tank.
  • ALWAYS stay away from tanks engulfed in fire.
  • For massive fire, use unmanned hose holders or monitor nozzles; if this is impossible, withdraw from area and let fire burn.

SPILL OR LEAK

  • Do not touch or walk through spilled material.
  • Stop leak if you can do it without risk.
  • Fully encapsulating, vapor-protective clothing should be worn for spills and leaks with no fire.

Small Spill

  • Pick up with sand or other non-combustible absorbent material and place into containers for later disposal.

Large Spill

  • Dike far ahead of liquid spill for later disposal.
  • Prevent entry into waterways, sewers, basements or confined areas.

FIRST AID

  • Ensure that medical personnel are aware of the material(s) involved and take precautions to protect themselves.
  • Move victim to fresh air.
  • Call 911 or emergency medical service.
  • Give artificial respiration if victim is not breathing.
  • Do not use mouth-to-mouth method if victim ingested or inhaled the substance; give artificial respiration with the aid of a pocket mask equipped with a one-way valve or other proper respiratory medical device.
  • Administer oxygen if breathing is difficult.
  • Remove and isolate contaminated clothing and shoes.
  • In case of contact with substance, immediately flush skin or eyes with running water for at least 20 minutes.
  • For minor skin contact, avoid spreading material on unaffected skin.
  • Keep victim calm and warm.
  • Effects should disappear after individual has been exposed to fresh air for approximately 10 minutes.
 
 
 
 
Date Modified:
2016-08-25