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Guide 144

Initial Isolation and Protective Action Distances (Metric)

Change to Imperial Units

Small Spills
(From a small package or small leak from a large package)
Large Spills
(From a large package or from many small packages)
First Isolate in all directionsThen Protect persons Downwind duringFirst Isolate in all directionsThen Protect persons Downwind during
DayNightDayNight
IDName of Materialmkmkmmkmkm
1746Bromine trifluoride (when spilled on land)300.10.2300.30.5
1746Bromine trifluoride (when spilled in water)300.10.510013.7
 

Name of Material
 
 
Bromine trifluoride
 
 
GUIDE
144
OXIDIZERS (Water-Reactive)
 
POTENTIAL HAZARDS

FIRE OR EXPLOSION

  • May ignite combustibles (wood, paper, oil, clothing, etc.).
  • React vigorously and/or explosively with water.
  • Produce toxic and/or corrosive substances on contact with water.
  • Flammable/toxic gases may accumulate in tanks and hopper cars.
  • Some may produce flammable hydrogen gas upon contact with metals.
  • Containers may explode when heated.
  • Runoff may create fire or explosion hazard.

HEALTH

  • TOXIC; inhalation or contact with vapor, substance, or decomposition products may cause severe injury or death.
  • Fire will produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
  • Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause pollution.
PUBLIC SAFETY
  • CALL Emergency Response Telephone Number on Shipping Paper first. If Shipping Paper not available or no answer, refer to appropriate telephone number listed on the inside back cover.
  • As an immediate precautionary measure, isolate spill or leak area in all directions for at least 50 meters (150 feet) for liquids and at least 25 meters (75 feet) for solids.
  • Keep unauthorized personnel away.
  • Stay upwind, uphill and/or upstream.
  • Ventilate closed spaces before entering.

PROTECTIVE CLOTHING

  • Wear positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).
  • Wear chemical protective clothing that is specifically recommended by the manufacturer. It may provide little or no thermal protection.
  • Structural firefighters' protective clothing provides limited protection in fire situations ONLY; it is not effective in spill situations where direct contact with the substance is possible.

EVACUATION

Spill

  • See Table 1 - Initial Isolation and Protective Action Distances for highlighted materials. For non-highlighted materials, increase, in the downwind direction, as necessary, the isolation distance shown under "PUBLIC SAFETY".

Fire

  • If tank, rail car or tank truck is involved in a fire, ISOLATE for 800 meters (1/2 mile) in all directions; also, consider initial evacuation for 800 meters (1/2 mile) in all directions.

In Canada, an Emergency Response Assistance Plan (ERAP) may be required for this product. Please consult the shipping document and/or the ERAP Program Section.
EMERGENCY RESPONSE

FIRE

  • DO NOT USE WATER OR FOAM.

Small Fire

  • Dry chemical, soda ash or lime.

Large Fire

  • DRY sand, dry chemical, soda ash or lime or withdraw from area and let fire burn.
  • Do not move cargo or vehicle if cargo has been exposed to heat.
  • Move containers from fire area if you can do it without risk.

Fire involving Tanks or Car/Trailer Loads

  • Fight fire from maximum distance or use unmanned hose holders or monitor nozzles.
  • Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out.
  • Withdraw immediately in case of rising sound from venting safety devices or discoloration of tank.
  • ALWAYS stay away from tanks engulfed in fire.

SPILL OR LEAK

  • ELIMINATE all ignition sources (no smoking, flares, sparks or flames in immediate area).
  • Do not touch damaged containers or spilled material unless wearing appropriate protective clothing.
  • Stop leak if you can do it without risk.
  • Use water spray to reduce vapors or divert vapor cloud drift. Avoid allowing water runoff to contact spilled material.
  • DO NOT GET WATER on spilled substance or inside containers.

Small Spill

  • Cover with DRY earth, DRY sand or other non-combustible material followed with plastic sheet to minimize spreading or contact with rain.

Large Spill

  • DO NOT CLEAN-UP OR DISPOSE OF, EXCEPT UNDER SUPERVISION OF A SPECIALIST.

FIRST AID

  • Ensure that medical personnel are aware of the material(s) involved and take precautions to protect themselves.
  • Move victim to fresh air.
  • Call 911 or emergency medical service.
  • Give artificial respiration if victim is not breathing.
  • Do not use mouth-to-mouth method if victim ingested or inhaled the substance; give artificial respiration with the aid of a pocket mask equipped with a one-way valve or other proper respiratory medical device.
  • Administer oxygen if breathing is difficult.
  • Remove and isolate contaminated clothing and shoes.
  • Contaminated clothing may be a fire risk when dry.
  • In case of contact with substance, immediately flush skin or eyes with running water for at least 20 minutes.
  • Keep victim calm and warm.
  • Keep victim under observation.
  • Effects of contact or inhalation may be delayed.
 
 
 
 
Date Modified:
2016-08-25