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Guide 137

Initial Isolation and Protective Action Distances (Metric)

Change to Imperial Units

Small Spills
(From a small package or small leak from a large package)
Large Spills
(From a large package or from many small packages)
First Isolate in all directionsThen Protect persons Downwind duringFirst Isolate in all directionsThen Protect persons Downwind during
DayNightDayNight
IDName of Materialmkmkmmkmkm
1725Aluminum bromide, anhydrous (when spilled in water)300.10.1300.10.4
 

Name of Material
 
 
Aluminum bromide, anhydrous
 
 
GUIDE
137
SUBSTANCES - WATER-REACTIVE - CORROSIVE
 
POTENTIAL HAZARDS

HEALTH

  • CORROSIVE and/or TOXIC; inhalation, ingestion or contact (skin, eyes) with vapors, dusts or substance may cause severe injury, burns or death.
  • Fire will produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
  • Reaction with water may generate much heat that will increase the concentration of fumes in the air.
  • Contact with molten substance may cause severe burns to skin and eyes.
  • Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause pollution.

FIRE OR EXPLOSION

  • EXCEPT FOR ACETIC ANHYDRIDE (UN1715), THAT IS FLAMMABLE, some of these materials may burn, but none ignite readily.
  • May ignite combustibles (wood, paper, oil, clothing, etc.).
  • Substance will react with water (some violently), releasing corrosive and/or toxic gases and runoff.
  • Flammable/toxic gases may accumulate in confined areas (basement, tanks, hopper/tank cars, etc.).
  • Contact with metals may evolve flammable hydrogen gas.
  • Containers may explode when heated or if contaminated with water.
  • Substance may be transported in a molten form.
PUBLIC SAFETY
  • CALL Emergency Response Telephone Number on Shipping Paper first. If Shipping Paper not available or no answer, refer to appropriate telephone number listed on the inside back cover.
  • As an immediate precautionary measure, isolate spill or leak area in all directions for at least 50 meters (150 feet) for liquids and at least 25 meters (75 feet) for solids.
  • Keep unauthorized personnel away.
  • Stay upwind, uphill and/or upstream.
  • Ventilate enclosed areas.

PROTECTIVE CLOTHING

  • Wear positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).
  • Wear chemical protective clothing that is specifically recommended by the manufacturer. It may provide little or no thermal protection.
  • Structural firefighters' protective clothing provides limited protection in fire situations ONLY; it is not effective in spill situations where direct contact with the substance is possible.

EVACUATION

Spill

  • See Table 1 - Initial Isolation and Protective Action Distances for highlighted materials. For non-highlighted materials, increase, in the downwind direction, as necessary, the isolation distance shown under "PUBLIC SAFETY".

Fire

  • If tank, rail car or tank truck is involved in a fire, ISOLATE for 800 meters (1/2 mile) in all directions; also, consider initial evacuation for 800 meters (1/2 mile) in all directions.

In Canada, an Emergency Response Assistance Plan (ERAP) may be required for this product. Please consult the shipping document and/or the ERAP Program Section.
EMERGENCY RESPONSE

FIRE

  • When material is not involved in fire, do not use water on material itself.

Small Fire

  • Dry chemical or CO2.
  • Move containers from fire area if you can do it without risk.

Large Fire

  • Flood fire area with large quantities of water, while knocking down vapors with water fog. If insufficient water supply: knock down vapors only.

Fire involving Tanks or Car/Trailer Loads

  • Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out.
  • Do not get water inside containers.
  • Withdraw immediately in case of rising sound from venting safety devices or discoloration of tank.
  • ALWAYS stay away from tanks engulfed in fire.

SPILL OR LEAK

  • Fully encapsulating, vapor-protective clothing should be worn for spills and leaks with no fire.
  • Do not touch damaged containers or spilled material unless wearing appropriate protective clothing.
  • Stop leak if you can do it without risk.
  • Use water spray to reduce vapors; do not put water directly on leak, spill area or inside container.
  • Keep combustibles (wood, paper, oil, etc.) away from spilled material.

Small Spill

  • Cover with DRY earth, DRY sand or other non-combustible material followed with plastic sheet to minimize spreading or contact with rain.
  • Use clean, non-sparking tools to collect material and place it into loosely covered plastic containers for later disposal.
  • Prevent entry into waterways, sewers, basements or confined areas.

FIRST AID

  • Ensure that medical personnel are aware of the material(s) involved and take precautions to protect themselves.
  • Move victim to fresh air.
  • Call 911 or emergency medical service.
  • Give artificial respiration if victim is not breathing.
  • Do not use mouth-to-mouth method if victim ingested or inhaled the substance; give artificial respiration with the aid of a pocket mask equipped with a one-way valve or other proper respiratory medical device.
  • Administer oxygen if breathing is difficult.
  • Remove and isolate contaminated clothing and shoes.
  • In case of contact with substance, immediately flush skin or eyes with running water for at least 20 minutes.
  • For minor skin contact, avoid spreading material on unaffected skin.
  • Removal of solidified molten material from skin requires medical assistance.
  • Keep victim calm and warm.
  • Effects of exposure (inhalation, ingestion or skin contact) to substance may be delayed.
 
 
 
 
Date Modified:
2016-08-25